Understanding Diamonds

The word diamond comes from the Greek word adámas, meaning adamant or unbreakable, and indeed hardness is one of the qualities that has always made diamonds so valuable. Measured on the Moos hardness scale, diamonds score a 10, the highest possible rating. Diamonds are also extremely high in luminescence, the ability to catch the light and sparkle with different colors. Cut and polished to show off their brilliance, diamonds have a visual appeal like no other stone. Certain diamonds have become famous through association with rulers and adventurers Our diamond education is the most comprehensive diamond buying guide, designed to answer all your questions. To better understand about diamonds and the variations associated with them, diamond education is necessary. We’re here to provide you with every small detail that can help you and make a big difference in the look, feel, and price when it comes to diamonds
How to choose your Perfect Diamond
The 4Cs of Diamonds
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Planning on purchase a diamond? It’s important that you know as much as possible about how diamonds are classified. You can compare the quality and value of diamonds based on the 4Cs of Diamonds.
Once you fully understand the 4Cs of Diamonds, you can use them to your advantage, learning how to prioritize one over the other to find a beautiful diamond within your budget. There are four topics you need to become familiar with: Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat Weight.
The 4Cs of Diamonds
Carat
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The carat weight of a diamond is determined by weighing the diamonds on an electronic scale free of the rest of the ring. Carat is the standard unit of weight of a diamond and most other gems, it is a metric unit equal to 0.20 grams. The heavier the diamonds are the more valuable it will be. The price per carat of diamonds increase as weight of the diamonds increase.
An example could be a 2 carat diamond could be double the price of a 1 carat diamond, or can be as much as a .99 carat diamond will cost less than a 1 carat diamond.
Clarity
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The clarity of a diamond describes the presence of internal and external flaws through using magnification. A perfect stone without any flaws is rare, however, most flaws can only be seen through magnification. The clarity is described using a grading system. The higher the clarity grade the more expensive the diamond will be, it is also rarer.
Diamond grades are as follows:
FL – Flawless
These diamond have no flaws internal or external.
IF – Internally Flawless
These diamonds have no internal flaws, only minor external blemishes.
VVS1, VVS2
These diamonds have very, very small blemishes that are impossible to see with the naked eye and are slightly difficult to see under magnification.
VS1, VS2
These diamonds have very small blemishes that are impossible to see with the naked eye and are slightly difficult to see under magnification.
SI1, SI2
These diamonds have small blemishes that can be seen with the naked eye and are slightly easy to identify under magnification.
I1, I2, and I3
These diamonds have flaws that are moderately visible to very easily seen to the naked eye.
Color
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The color of diamonds has a large impact on the price of diamonds, after the carat weight. Though diamonds appear colorless, many have a small trace of yellow or brown color. The absence of any color allows the diamonds to act like prisms, separating white light into a rainbow of colors. The more transparent the diamond is the higher the value. This colorless diamond would be considered a “D” on the grading scale. Colorless to light yellow is graded on a scale “D” through “Z”. Diamonds of color such as blue, pink, purple, or red are considered “fancy” diamonds.
Cut
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The cut of a diamond is not to be confused with the shape of the diamond (princess, oval, etc.) rather it is the measure of symmetry, proportion, and polish. A proportional diamond that was properly cut will allow light to enter and reflect back to the viewer’s eye. Some time’s diamond cutters will sacrifice the perfect cut to create a larger diamond, this will diminish the brilliant appearance of the diamond making it look dull or dark. The polish grade of the diamond describes the smoothness of the diamond. The cut of the diamond is determined on the asymmetry grade scale of excellence (EX), very good (VG), or good (G). Avoid diamonds with symmetry grades of the fair (F) or poor (P).
Shapes of Diamonds
Diamond Care
  • First and foremost try to avoid wearing your diamond ring or other jewelry while cleaning dust or working in the kitchen since the stubborn dust particles might stick to your precious stone.
  • Be careful while you are applying the cream for your dry skin because diamonds are prone to get discolored by getting exposure to such components. Even though the effect is not permanent, it will temporarily discolor the gorgeous stone.
  • Excessive oil and grime can cause prangs to loosen and you can lose a stone from your favorite jewelry piece. Keep checking the setting and mounts to ensure that everything is intact. You can also get it fixed from your jeweler if you feel the prangs are loosening.
  • If you are cleaning the jewelry at home, be careful to not be harsh on the set stones. The best way is to soak jewelry overnight in water and soap solution and rinse the next day. Clean with a soft cloth gently and brush off the stuck dirt.
Diamond Certification
Diamond certification is a process where an independent gem lab tests and assesses the quality of a diamond. Then, the lab issues a written report about the diamond. Each report, or “certificate,” has its own unique number which is kept on file at the gem lab and a copy is sent back with the diamond. Also, many certified diamonds include a microscopic laser inscription of their certification number on the outer edge of the diamond (its “girdle”). This is helpful if a diamond certificate is ever lost or stolen.
Certified Diamonds have been graded by an independent reputable Gem Laboratory. They are graded diamonds based on the “4 C” attributes. These attributes include cut color, clarity, and carat weight. In order to ensure that you are getting a high-quality stone, it’s always recommended to purchase certified diamonds.
Here are some of the most well-known and reputable labs:
GIA: Gemological Institute of America
The GIA Diamond Origin Report is a full assessment of a diamond’s 4Cs of Diamond Quality (Color, Clarity, Cut and Carat Weight) and uses scientific matching to determine a diamond’s geographic origin. Every GIA Diamond Origin Report and GIA Colored Diamond Origin Report includes:
  • A printed report containing GIA’s full, unbiased and authoritative 4Cs grading assessment, including a plotted diagram of your polished diamond
  • Confirmation of your diamond’s geographic origin, with the country clearly stated on the report
  • Inscription of the report number on your diamond’s girdle for added security and identification
  • Full-color digital images of your diamond in its rough and polished state and an image-rich story of the diamond’s country of origin and transformational journey available on the GIA Origin App.
HRD Antwerp: Hoge Raad voor Diamant
Our laboratory has the knowledge and instruments needed to thoroughly analyze your jewelry. An HRD Antwerp Jewellery Report is an official document in which a jewelry item is authenticated for different purposes, such as insurance, inheritance or purchase. It can also be used to determine the market value of a jewel. These reports provide a general description of the jewel, the diamonds it contains, and the precious metals of which it is made.
IGI: International Gemological Institute
IGI grades the widest variety of gemstones and jewelry in more corners of the world than any other gemological organization.
As the global leader for jewelry assessment, our experience and reach are unrivaled. Renowned for diamonds and colored gemstones, we are equally trusted with the grading of pearls, exotic carvings, fine jewelry pieces, and modern synthetics and simulants.